Protein Kinase C, theta (PKCθ) is important component in the intracellular signaling cascade (1). Recent studies have suggested that local accumulation of fat metabolites inside skeletal muscle may activate a serine kinase cascade involving PKC-theta leading to defects in insulin signaling and glucose transport in skeletal muscle (2). Insulin resistance plays a primary role in the development of type 2 diabetes and may be related to alterations in fat metabolism. PKC-theta is a crucial component mediating fat-induced insulin resistance in skeletal muscle and is a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (2).
PRKCQ, PRKCT, MGC126514, MGC141919, nPKC-theta
1. Manicassamy, S. and Sun, Z. The critical role of protein kinase C-theta in Fas/Fas ligand-mediated apoptosis. J. Immunol. 2007;178(1):312-9.
2. Kim, J K. et al: PKC-theta knockout mice are protected from fat-induced insulin resistance. J. Clin. Invest. 2004;114(6):823-7.
Sample Kinase Activity Plot. For specific information on a given lot, see related technical data sheet.
Sample Purity Data. For specific information on a given lot, see related technical data sheet.
Storage, Stability and Shipping:
Store product at –70oC. For optimal storage, aliquot target into smaller quantities after centrifugation and store at recommended temperature. For most favorable performance, avoid repeated handling and multiple freeze/thaw cycles.
Chia Chuang Huai et al., The kinase GLK controls autoimmunity and NF-KB signaling by activating the kinase PKC-θ in T cells Nature Immunology October 2011 10.1038/ni.2121
Yang Weiwei et al., EGFR-Induced and PKCε Monoubiquitylation-Dependent NF-KB Activation Upregulates PKM2 Expression and Promotes Tumorigenesis Molecular Cell November 2012 10.1016/j.molcel.2012.09.028
Chuang HC et al., GLK-IKKβ signaling induces dimerization and translocation of the AhR-RORγt complex in IL-17A induction and autoimmune disease Science Advances September 2018 10.1126/sciadv.aat5401
J. Coultrap Steven et al., Improving a Natural CaMKII Inhibitor by Random and Rational Design PLoS One October 2011 10.1371/journal.pone.0025245
Tokugawa Seiji et al., The expression pattern of PKCθ in satellite cells of normal and regenerating muscle in the rat Neuropathology October 2008 10.1111/j.1440-1789.2008.00967.x
Bhandaria Deepali et al., Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 activates guanine nucleotide exchange factor GIV/Girdin to orchestrate migration?proliferation dichotomy PNAS July 2015 10.1073/pnas.1514157112
Apoptosis/Autophagy, Cardiovascular Disease, ERK/MAPK Pathway, Neurobiology, NfkB Pathway, PKA/PKC Pathway, Ser/Thr Kinases