PKCζ is an atypical isoform of the PKC family. PKCζ is found in both particulate and soluble fractions and cannot be activated by phorbol ester. Overexpression of PKCζ and subsequent phorbol ester treatment abolished phorbol ester-induced reduction in cell proliferation (1). Overexpression of PKCζ also potentiates phorbol ester-induced mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activation in a PKC-dependent manner. PKCζ is an upstream modulator of p70S6K, an important regulator of cell proliferation (2).
PRKCZ; PRKCZ; PKC2
1. Kim, SJ. Et al: Phorbol ester effects in atypical protein kinase C zeta overexpressing NIH3T3 cells: possible evidence for crosstalk between protein kinase C isoforms. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Aug 18;237(2):336-9.
2. Romanelli, A. et al: p70 S6 kinase is regulated by protein kinase Czeta and participates in a phosphoinositide 3-kinase-regulated signalling complex. Mol Cell Biol. 1999 Apr;19(4):2921-8.
Sample Kinase Activity Plot. For specific information on a given lot, see related technical data sheet.
Sample Purity Data. For specific information on a given lot, see related technical data sheet.
Storage, Stability and Shipping:
Store product at –70oC. For optimal storage, aliquot target into smaller quantities after centrifugation and store at recommended temperature. For most favorable performance, avoid repeated handling and multiple freeze/thaw cycles.
Yang Weiwei et al., EGFR-Induced and PKCε Monoubiquitylation-Dependent NF-KB Activation Upregulates PKM2 Expression and Promotes Tumorigenesis Molecular Cell November 2012 10.1016/j.molcel.2012.09.028
J. Coultrap Steven et al., Improving a Natural CaMKII Inhibitor by Random and Rational Design PLoS One October 2011 10.1371/journal.pone.0025245
Bhandaria Deepali et al., Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 activates guanine nucleotide exchange factor GIV/Girdin to orchestrate migration?proliferation dichotomy PNAS July 2015 10.1073/pnas.1514157112
Apoptosis/Autophagy, Cardiovascular Disease, ERK/MAPK Pathway, Neurobiology, NfkB Pathway, PKA/PKC Pathway, Ser/Thr Kinases